The carpet padding is the foundation upon which the wall to wall carpeting is constructed. Although it’s usually unseen, carpet padding goes hand in hand with the carpet, and it’s a vital part of the flooring. The padding, which is also at times known as an underlay, is a sheet of spongy material which goes beneath your carpet. It’s cut slightly much smaller than the carpet so it’ll easily fit inside the tack strip which keeps your carpet in place.
The main goal of the carpet padding is to protect the carpet from damages; both from abrasions against the sub floor, and the stress from the traffic. This means that choosing the right carpet padding is crucial since it plays a vital role in the appearance, durability and performance of your carpet. Apart from protecting the sub floor and the carpet from everyday wear and tear, the padding offers numerous other benefits which include, but not limited to;
-Enhancing your comfort and making the floors feel much softer underfoot; The carpet pads absorb impacts from below, which in turn alleviates pressure. The decrease in the pressure helps in making the carpet feel softer, thicker and more comfortable.
-Carpet padding provides great insulation which makes your house much warmer, saving you lots of cash on energy costs.
-The insulation from carpet padding keeps your home much quieter, and dulls any unnecessary noise.
-Carpet padding also makes your floors much easier to clean and vacuum.
Now that we have gone through some of the benefits of carpet padding, lets take a look at the types of carpet padding available in the market.
Types of Carpet Padding
-Waffle Rubber; Waffle rubber carpet padding is made from spongy rubber materials that are molded to create a waffle like texture with valleys and hills. With this type of padding, the carpet rests at the top of the hills (raised areas), letting the carpet sit partly on air. The air cushioning makes the carpet feel much softer.
-Urethane Foam; Urethane foam is a material which is known as the foam rubber. It’s made by blowing gas into heated, and liquid chemical mixture. When the mixture dries, the resulting foam rubber is spongy and porous. The gas that’s trapped within gives it excellent insulative properties. It is made from relatively large pieces of foam which are sliced into smaller sheets. Urethane foam carpet padding is available in different densities and thicknesses,
-Bonded Urethane; Also known as rebond, this type of carpet padding is among the most common types of carpet padding material. It’s made from reclaimed scrap of the high density urethane foam which is used in automotive and furniture manufacturing. Bonded Urethane comes in different densities and thicknesses. The density is usually rated as the function of the weight in lbs per cubic ft.
-Flat Rubber; Flat rubber is considered to be a premium carpet pad. It is firm, dense and heavy, thus ideal for the areas with high traffic. The padding is long lasting and offers the carpets great support. This carpet padding is ideal for stairs, hallways, and other such areas which need to withstand lots of wear and tear. If you want to enjoy great luxury, choose a flat rubber carpet cushioning with about 19 to 22 pound density.
-Fiber Cushion: This is the oldest type of carpet padding. It was initially made from animal hair; a by product of tanning industry. Today materials such as jute and recycled textile fibers and synthetic fiber (like nylon) are normally used. This type of carpet padding is mainly used to take advantage of the scrap fiber.